Iraq by the Numbers

Iraq by the Numbers — 07/10/2007

Iraq – Security  
Approximate number of U.S. troops currently in Iraq: 160,000
Percent of coalition forces contributed by the U.S.: 93
Approximate amount appropriated by Congress for Iraq operations so far: >$450 billion
Estimated total cost of operations in Iraq by war’s end: $549 billion – $2.26 trillion
Approximate amount spent by the U.S. in World War I (in inflation-adjusted dollars): $205 billion
Approximate amount the U.S. is spending in Iraq per month (including operational and investment costs): $10 billion
Approximate amount the U.S. spent in Iraq per month in Fiscal Year 2003 (including operational and investment costs): $4.4 billion
Number of U.S. service members killed in Iraq: 3,589
Number of U.S. service members killed in Iraq in April 2007: 104
Number of U.S. service members killed in Iraq in May 2007: 126
Number of U.S. service members killed in Iraq in June 2007: 101
Number reported wounded by the Defense Department: 26,558
Number of National Guard soldiers killed in Iraq through June 30, 2007: 428
Number of National Guard soldiers killed in the entire Vietnam War: 97
Number of Iraqi military and police killed since training began in June 2003: 7,118
Number of journalists killed in Iraq: 108
Number of journalists killed in Vietnam: 63
Estimated number of insurgents in Iraq (November 2003): 5,000
Estimated strength of Sunni insurgency (including non-operational supporters): 70,000
Funds the insurgency in Iraq is now able to raise annually from illegal activities, including kidnappings and oil smuggling: $70 – $200 million
Percent increase in terrorist incidents in Iraq between 2005 and 2006: 91 percent  
Percent of Iraqis who approve of attacks on Coalition forces: 51 percent
Number of Iraqi police and security forces trained and equipped: 353,100
Rate of attrition for Iraqi police, according to the Pentagon: 30 percent
Percent of police leaders who have been replaced because they had ties to sectarian violence: 70 percent
Rate of desertion for Iraqi soldiers deployed to combat areas outside their normal area of operation: >50 percent
Number of guns paid for by the U.S. for Iraq’s security forces that are unaccounted for: >14,000
Percent of Iraqis who view the security environment as bad or very bad, according to a February/March 2007 survey: 53 percent
Percent of Iraqis who say they have confidence in U.S. and coalition troops according to a February/March 2007 survey: 18 percent
Estimated number of Iraqi civilians killed in the violence since U.S.-led invasion, according to Iraq’s Minister of Health: 150,000
Percent of Iraqis who rate their family’s economic conditions as poor: 64 percent
Estimated unemployment rate, according to the Pentagon: 13.4 – 60 percent
Percent of Baghdadis surveyed in a January 2007 poll who said that their current income meets their basic needs: 16 percent
Estimated number of jobs created by aid efforts: < 140,000
Estimated number of Iraqis still being paid not to work: 600,000
Average rate of inflation in Iraq: 50 percent
Of the $57 billion in contract funds for Iraq reconstruction aid, the amount the U.S. government has squandered due to contractor overcharges and unsupported expenses: $10 billion
Of these $10 billion in overpriced contracts and unsupported expenses, amount that was charged by Halliburton: $2.7 billion
According to the GAO, anticipated reconstruction gap (difference between estimates of what is needed to rebuild and what the international community has pledged in aid) that the new Iraqi government will face: $50 billion
Oil production for June 2007 (barrels per day): 1.98 million
Average oil production prior to invasion (barrels per day): 2.5 million
Bush Administration’s prewar projections of Iraq’s post-war oil output (barrels per day): 3 million
Portion of Iraq’s GDP generated by oil revenues: 2/3
Electricity capacity in Iraq (in megawatts) prior to invasion (March 2003): 4,000
Electricity capacity to have been reached by July 2004, according to U.S. reconstruction goals: 6,000
Electricity capacity in Iraq (in megawatts) in June 2007: 4,240
Average number of daily hours of electricity nationwide: 14 hours
Average number of daily hours of electricity in Baghdad: 6.5 hours
Average number of daily hours of electricity in Baghdad prior to 2003: 16-24
Percent of Iraqis who lack regular access to clean water: 70 percent
     

SOURCES

Iraq – Security

1. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

2. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index reports that there were approximately 11,637 non-U.S., non-Iraqi troops in Iraq as of June 2007. July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

3. Senate Appropriations Committee Majority Staff, estimate includes funding provided in the Senate-approved emergency supplemental bill (H.R. 1591).

4. Low end cost, Congressional Budget Office, 7/13/06 – the CBO offers two different scenarios, with estimated costs of $493 billion and $697 billion. High end cost is from Linda Bilmes and Joseph Stiglitz, in the December 2006 Milken Institute Review (http://www.milkeninstitute.org/publications/review/2006_12/76_83mr32.pdf)

5. Christian Science Monitor, 8/29/05.

6. Congressional Research Service RL 33110. (http://www.congress.gov/erp/rl/pdf/RL33110.pdf) This estimate includes both operational (military personnel, operation and maintenance, working capitol, defense health) and investment (procurement, RTD&E, and military construction) costs, last updated March 14, 2007.

7. Congressional Research Service RL 33110. (http://www.congress.gov/erp/rl/pdf/RL33110.pdf) This estimate includes both operational (military personnel, operation and maintenance, working capitol, defense health) and investment (procurement, RTD&E, and military construction) costs, last updated September 22, 2006.

8. DoD Casualty Report (http://www.dod.gov/news/casualty.pdf) July 9, 2007.

9. Associated Press, 4/30/07.

10. Washington Post, 6/3/07.

11. icasualties.org

12. DoD Casualty Report (http://www.dod.gov/news/casualty.pdf) July 9, 2007.

13. As of June 30, 2007. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

14. New York Daily News, 7/5/05.

15. As of July 4, 2007. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

16. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

17. New York Times, 5/30/06.

18. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

19. Cordesman, Anthony. “Reconstruction in Iraq: The Uncertain Way Ahead.” CSIS, updated January 19, 2007. (http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/070119_iraq_reconstruction.pdf)

20. New York Times, 11/26/06.

21. Washington Post, 5/1/07. Statistics compiled by the National Counterterrorism Center – there were 3,468 attacks in Iraq in 2005 and 6,630 in 2006.

22. BBC News, 3/19/07. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6464277.stm)

23. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2007. (http://www.defenselink.mil/home/pdf/9010_March_2007_Final_Signed.pdf).

24. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, 11/30/06 (http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/pdfs/9010Quarterly-Report-20061216.pdf).

25. USA Today, 6/14/07.

26. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, 11/30/06 (http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/pdfs/9010Quarterly-Report-20061216.pdf).

27. The Times, 1/19/07.

28. BBC News, 3/19/07. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6464277.stm)

29. BBC News, 3/19/07. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6464277.stm)

Iraq – Political

1. Failed States Index, as reported by the Washington Post, 61/8/07.

2. BBC News, 3/19/07. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6464277.stm)

3. BBC News, 3/19/07. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6464277.stm)

4. BBC News, 3/19/07. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6464277.stm)

5. According to a March 2007 Poll by D3 Systems for BBC, ABD, ARD German TV and USA Today, cited in the Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

6. USA Today, 3/5/07.

7. GAO-07-426T, 2/15/07. (http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07426t.pdf)

8. Special Inspector for Iraq Reconstruction, Quarterly Report, April 2007. (http://www.sigir.mil/reports/quarterlyreports/Apr07/pdf/Report_-_April_2007_Complete.pdf)

9. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2007. (http://www.defenselink.mil/home/pdf/9010_March_2007_Final_Signed.pdf).

10. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, June 2007. (http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/pdfs/9010-Final-20070608.pdf)

11. London Review of Books, 11/2/06.

12. ABC News, 6/20/07.

Iraq – Humanitarian

1. UN Assistance Mission in Iraq, Quarterly Human Rights Report, 10/31/06. (http://www.uniraq.org/documents/HR%20Report%20Sep%20Oct%202006%20EN.pdf) (there is no official number – estimates vary widely. Other estimates include: 60,754 Iraq Body Count (not including deaths during major combat operations in 2003) (http://www.iraqbodycount.net/) accessed on 1/29/07).

2. New York Times, 1/16/07.

3. New York Times, 6/14/07.

4. Washington Post, 7/5/07.

5. Associated Press, 6/5/07.

6. Associated Press, 6/5/07.

7. IRIN, 7/9/07.

8. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

9. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

10. Associated Press, 6/5/07.

11. Associated Press, 6/5/07.

12. Los Angeles Times, 1/17/07.

13. Brookings Institution, 1/4/07.(http://www.brookings.edu/views/op-ed/cohenr/20070104.htm)

14. Brookings Institution, 1/4/07.(http://www.brookings.edu/views/op-ed/cohenr/20070104.htm)

15. According to a March 2007 Poll by Opinion Research Business, cited in the Brookings Institution Iraq Index, June 21, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

16. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

17. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

18. UN News Centre, 2/18/07.

19. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf)

20. New York Times, 4/18/07.

21. Newsweek, 1/22/07.

22. Newsweek, 1/22/07.

Iraq – Reconstruction

1. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2007. (http://www.defenselink.mil/home/pdf/9010_March_2007_Final_Signed.pdf).

2. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2007. (http://www.defenselink.mil/home/pdf/9010_March_2007_Final_Signed.pdf).

3. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2007. (http://www.defenselink.mil/home/pdf/9010_March_2007_Final_Signed.pdf).

4. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, June 21, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf).

5. Cordesman, Anthony. “Reconstruction in Iraq: The Uncertain Way Ahead.” CSIS, updated January 19, 2007. (http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/070119_iraq_reconstruction.pdf)

6. Special Inspector for Iraq Reconstruction, Quarterly Report, April 2007. (http://www.sigir.mil/reports/quarterlyreports/Apr07/pdf/Report_-_April_2007_Complete.pdf)

7. Cordesman, Anthony. “Reconstruction in Iraq: The Uncertain Way Ahead.” CSIS, updated January 19, 2007. (http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/070119_iraq_reconstruction.pdf)

8. Associated Press, 2/15/07.

9. GAO-06-885T, 7/19/06.

10. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf).

11. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf).

12. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf).

13. Department of Defense, Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq, November 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/home/features/Iraq_Reports/Index.html

14. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf).

15. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf).

16. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, July 5, 2007. (http://www.brookings.edu/fp/saban/iraq/index.pdf).

(http://www.sigir.mil/reports/quarterlyreports/Oct06/Default.aspx)

17. Special Inspector for Iraq Reconstruction, Quarterly Report, April 2007. (http://www.sigir.mil/reports/quarterlyreports/Apr07/pdf/Report_-_April_2007_Complete.pdf)

18. Special Inspector for Iraq Reconstruction, Quarterly Report, April 2007. (http://www.sigir.mil/reports/quarterlyreports/Apr07/pdf/Report_-_April_2007_Complete.pdf)

19. Center for American Progress, Think Progress.org, October 18, 2006. (http://thinkprogress.org/2006/10/18/iraq-electricity/)

20. New York Times, 4/18/07.

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