911 Time Line



September 1986: CIA Provides Afghan Rebels Stinger Missiles

Mujaheddin preparing to fire a stinger missile.

Mujaheddin preparing to fire a stinger missile. [Source: National Geographic]

Worried that the Soviets are winning the war in Afghanistan, the US decides to train and arm the mujaheddin with Stinger missiles. The Soviets are forced to stop using the attack helicopters that were being used to devastating effect. Some claim the Stingers turn the tide of the war and lead directly to Soviet withdrawal. Now the mujaheddin are better trained and armed than ever before.

[Ghost Wars: The Secret History of The CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, From the Soviet (New York, NY: Penguin, 2004)., 11, 149-51.’)” onmouseout=”return nd()”>Coll, 2004, pp. 11, 149-51; Against All Enemies: Inside America\’s War on Terror (New York, NY: Basic Books, 2004)., 48-50.’)” onmouseout=”return nd()”>Clarke, 2004, pp. 48-50]

1988: Bin Ladens Bail Out George W. Bush?

Bush during his Harken days.

Bush during his Harken days. [Source: Lions Gate Films]

Prior to this year, President George W. Bush is a failed oilman. Three times, friends and investors have bailed him out to keep his business from going bankrupt. However, in 1988, the same year his father becomes president, some Saudis buy a portion of his small company, Harken, which has never performed work outside of Texas. Later in the year, Harken wins a contract in the Persian Gulf and starts doing well financially. These transactions seem so suspicious that the Wall Street Journal in 1991 states it “raises the question of… an effort to cozy up to a presidential son.” Two major investors in Bush’s company during this time are Salem bin Laden and Khalid bin Mahfouz. [Intelligence Newsletter, “George W. Bush\’s Dubious Friends,” 2 March 2000.’)” onmouseout=”return nd()”>Intelligence Newsletter, 3/2/2000; Salon, 19 November 2001.’)” onmouseout=”return nd()”>Salon, 11/19/2001] Salem bin Laden is Osama’s oldest brother; Khalid bin Mahfouz is a Saudi banker with a 20 percent stake in BCCI. The bank will be shut down a few years later and bin Mahfouz will have to pay a $225 million fine (while admitting no wrongdoing) (see October 2001)). [Forbes, 18 March 2002.’)” onmouseout=”return nd()”>Forbes, 3/18/2002]

Entity Tags: Harken, Salem bin Laden, George W. Bush, Khalid bin Mahfouz

Category Tags: Saudi Arabia, Bin Laden Family, Terrorism Financing


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